Thursday, December 26, 2013

Doctor Faustus chapter 16 : My title : The daughters of the Wilderness

In the salon at La rue des moulins : Toulouse Lautrec

16.1 I could not help accentuating my farewell with the mention of his name…He did not mention mine… -> Once more emphasizing the one way relationship SZ – AL

16.2 And yes, it was in some sense a break… All previous chapters form together a first part : end of Youth, AL flinging himself in thr arms of  music and the courses of life of SZ and AL splitting

16.3 What now follows is a letter…

The letter is one of the two bigger chunks of text where we hear AL’s voice directly…( insofar of course that AL has rendered it verbatim )
The letter is written in an “antiquated prose”, in a German of the 16th century ( see chapter number ) , the German in which Luther wrote, the German in which the original Faustbuch ( not the one of Goethe ! ) is written.

It sounds like a voice from the past !

Why ?

According to SZ :…intended as a parody, …an allusion of the linguistic deportment of Ehrenfried Kumpf ( who speaks and acts like Luther )… expresses ( Al’s ) personality a self-stylization, a manifestation of his inner disposition …a tendency to hide behind and find fulfillment in parody…

16.4 Peter strasse Leipzig : a street known for it’s great Fair

The Friday after the purification : when googled, more links to Moslim traditions than Christians… anyone know why ?

16.5 Comparaison of Lepzig ( city of 7 hundred thousands souls ) with Ninevah

The book of Jonah depicts Nineveh as a wicked city worthy of destruction.
The Autumn fair is going at full swing at the moment of AL’s arrival adding to the confusion of the big city

16.6 People speak a devilish vulgar tongue…( adding to Leipzig as an image of Sin city )

16.7 Al’s first afternoon in Leipzig

He easily finds new lodgings ( Landlady is fat and has a devilish tongue )
His guide is the “verry porter who fetched my valise from the station…”
The porter “looked right like Schleppfuss”, a churl a rope around his gut ( ? ) with red cap and brass badge, in a rain mantle speaking the same devilish tongue … small beard

16.8 Meeting of kretzschmar again

16.9 AL prefers counterpoint to Harmony

16.10  Auerbach’s inn = Auerbach’s keller

Famous for the visit by Goethe who advertized the place in his Faust.
Auerbachs Keller is the best known and second oldest restaurant in Leipzig, dating to at least the first half of the fifteenth century. It was already one of the city’s most important wine bars by the 16th century and is described in Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's play Faust I as the first place Mephistopheles takes Faust on their travels.

Goethe often visited Auerbach’s Cellar while studying in Leipzig 1765-1768 and called it his favorite wine bar. He saw there two paintings on wood dating from 1625, one depicting the magician and astrologer Faust drinking with students and the other showing him riding out the door astride a wine barrel. Goethe was already familiar with the Faust legend from his youth, since a puppet show Dr. Faust, was frequently performed at local street fairs. The scene Auerbach’s Cellar in Leipzig in his drama Faust I is his literary memorial to his student tavern and to the city, albeit an ironic one. According to legend, the alchemist Dr. Johann Georg Faust once rode a wine barrel from the cellar to the street at Auerbach's Cellar, something he could have accomplished only with the help of the Devil. ( from Wikipedia )

16.11 Where Luther had his disputation with Eck

Dr. Johann Maier von Eck (13 November 1486 – 13 February 1543) was a German Scholastic theologian and defender ofCatholicism during the Protestant Reformation.
Eck forced Luther to declare that Ecumenical Councils were sometimes errant, as in the case when Constance (1414–1418) condemned Hus (1415). Luther now effectively denied the authority of both pope and council. Eck was greeted as victor by the theologians of the University of Leipzig, who overwhelmed him with honors and sent him away with gifts

16.12 I bid my guide…that he show me to an inn for a good meal…

Al is tricked by his guide to enter a bordello, a bawdyhouse . ( the entrance displays the same coulours as his outfit Red and brass ).

Recovering from his initial surprise, Al steps right to a piano ( which he sees as a friend ) – see note previous chapter and starts playing…

He plays modulation B major to C major…as in the hermits prayer in the finale of Freischutz
Der Freischütz, Op. 77, J. 277, (usually translated as The Freeshooter is a German opera with spoken dialogue in three acts by Carl Maria von Weber with a libretto by Friedrich Kind. It premiered on 18 June 1821 at the Schauspielhaus Berlin. It is considered the first important German Romantic opera, especially in its national identity and stark emotionality. The plot is based on the German folk legend of the Freischütz and many of its tunes were inspired by German folk music. Its unearthly portrayal of the supernatural in the famous Wolf's Glen scene has been described as "the most expressive rendering of the gruesome that is to be found in a musical score".

A Freischütz ("freeshooter"), in German folklore, is a marksman who, by a contract with the devil, has obtained a certain number of bullets destined to hit without fail whatever object he wishes. As the legend is usually told, six of the magic bullets (German: Freikugeln, literally "free bullets"), are thus subservient to the marksman's will, but the seventh is at the absolute disposal of the devil himself.

16.13 The unreliable guide, the bordello, and the playing of the piano to recover his wits comes straight out of the biography of Frederic Nietzsche. It is an anecdote of capital importance for Nietzsche will indeed have sex with one of the prostitutes and contract siphilis. Acording to legend it is this siphilitic infection that will make Nietzsche a genius and in the end a Madman.

16.14 AL does not have sex with a prostitute at this moment, he flees the place

16.15 One of the girls  - a nut –brown lass, in Spanish jacket, with large mouth, stubbed nose , and almond eyes ( color not mentioned ), strokes his cheek with her arm.

She does not give her name … but he calls her Esmeralda… - see chapter 3 when his father shows him the butterflies : ” One such butterfly, whose transparent nakedness makes it a lover of dusky, leafy shade, is called Hetaera Esmeralda…. “

16.16 Musings on Music ( to develop )

16.17 Handel vs Gluck

16.17 Ecce epsitola : here is the letter

16.18  The letter is uncharacteristically signed with a capital L … L for Lucifer ?

16.19 The girl waiting in the salon are described as butterflies and moths ( night butterflies )
… silken couches, upon which there sit waiting for you the nymphs and daughters of the wilderness, six or seven ( 7 ) – how shall I put it – morphos, clearwings, esmeraldas, scantly clad, transparently clad, in tulle, gossamer, and glister…

See parallel chapter 3

p. 143 has incorrect reference to Chopin Nocturne.
Mann’s source on Nietzsche : Erinnerungen an Friedrich Nietzsche (1901) by Paul Deussen